List of governor general of India UPSC jkupdate

study material

List of governor general of India UPSC jkupdate

British territories were broadly divided into administrative units called Presidencies. There were three Presidencies: Bengal, Madras and Bombay. Each was ruled by a Governor. The supreme head of the administration was the Governor-General. Warren Hastings, the first Governor-General, introduced several administrative reforms, notably in the sphere of justice.

This article will inform you about all the relevant information about the first Governor-General of Bengal, various Governors-General of India, their achievements, and the major reforms that took place during their tenure as the Governors-General or viceroys of India.

list of viceroy in India

Governors-General of India

Year Governors-General of India Major Reforms
1828-1835 Lord William Bentinck
  • First Governor-General of India (Charter Act of 1833 made Governor-General of Bengal as Governor-General of India.)
  • Abolition of Sati
  • Suppression of Thugee, infanticide and child sacrifices.
  • English Education Act of 1835
  • Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata
1835-1836 Lord Charles Metcalfe
  • ‘Liberator of the Indian press
  • detached all restraints on an open press
1836-1842 Lord Auckland
  • Dedicated himself to the improvement of native schools and the expansion of the commercial industry of India
  • The first Anglo-Afghan war
1842-1844 Lord Ellenborough
  • Sindh was annexed
1844-1848 Lord Hardinge I
  • First Anglo Sikh War


Lord Dalhousie (Governors-General of India)
  • introduced ‘ Doctrine of Lapse
  • Doctrine of Good
  • Charles Wood Dispatch
  • Post Office Act, 1854
  • 1st Railway line connecting Bombay and Thane
  • Established engineering college in Roorkee
  • Second Anglo-Sikh War
  • First telegraph line
  •  Establishment of the Public Works Department
  • Abolition of titles and pensions.
  • Started Competitive  examination for Indian Civil Services
  • Widow Remarriage Act
1856-1857 Lord Canning
  • Three universities at Calcutta, Madras and Bombay in 1857 were established
  • Revolt of 1857 took place
  • Note – Post-1857 Revolt, Governor-General of India was made Viceroy of British India and Canning became the first Viceroy of India/British India.

Frequently Asked Questions on Governor-General of India

Q 1. Who was the first Governor-General of Bengal?

Ans. The first Governor-General of Bengal was Warren Hastings with tenure of office from 1772-1785.

Q 2. Who was the first Governor-General of British India?

Ans. William Bentick was the first Governor-General of British India. It was after the Charter Act of 1833 was passed that the Governor-General of Bengal was made the Governor-General of British India.

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